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Apprenticeship offers the best of both worlds: paid on-the-job training and related classroom instruction.  Since 1933, formal apprenticeship has played an important role in assuring North America of a steady supply of skilled workers.
In many ways, the apprenticeship system has been one of America's best kept secrets!

Formal apprenticeship is most highly established in the Building Construction Industry where management (the building contractors) and labor (the craft unions) maintain a long tradition of working together to recruit and  train new workers in order maximize the productivity of its workforce! The vast majority of union carpenters, electricians, plumbers, sheet metal workers, ironworkers, glaziers and elevator constructors learned their trade through formal apprenticeship.

However, outstanding job training opportunities are not just limited to the building construction industry! Many industries sponsor apprenticeship programs and many corporations and government agencies offer summer internship programs
which offer high school and college students a chance to earn income and gain valuable work related experience before they graduate!

is a practical source of information regardless of which career or job training program interests you. We'll guide you to outstanding online resources. Apprenticeship is an excellent place to start your career search!

Apprenticeship is intended to be a self-help information based web site-always free to the user. We are not an employer, a labor organization,  immigration advisor or a job placement agency.

So why not join the thousands of young men and women across the U.S. and Canada who are earning excellent wages and benefits as they learn a skilled trade or vocational skill.

Are you ready? Let's get started!

John L. Web Manager
18. How is a typical vocational school different from a JAC sponsored training program?Vocational schools fall into one of two categories:Private or government administered.Private vocational schools often offer training in trades that are associated with the building industry. These private schools, sometimes called "Institutes", are much different than JAC sponsored training programs with respect to:
        COST: Private schools are profit oriented and usually quite costly.   Tuition and related expenses can amount to a small fortune.   Students often take out substantial loans in order to finance this sort of training.
        ON-THE-JOB-TRAINING: Many of these programs do not offer on-the-job-training; As a consequence, students miss out on valuable work experience and the wages and fringe benefits enjoyed by apprentices in a JAC sponsored program.
        UNION AFFILIATION: Few if any private institutes are affiliated with craft unions, so graduates of these programs may not be granted union membership.
Government administered vocational schools usually offer training in trades that are associated with the building industry as well.   Their cost is usually much less than private vocational schools. They are generally not affiliated with the craft unions and usually don't provide paid on-the-job training. However, some of these programs may offer financial assistance to participants of the program and may have a referral service to JAC sponsored programs.
19.   What kind of training does one receive during apprenticeship?Training usually consists of:ON THE JOB TRAINING and RELATED TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONRelated technical instruction usually takes place at a training facility of some sort.   A typical training facility has classrooms where apprentices are instructed in trade related theory and a shop where they have the opportunity to apply their knowledge via hands-on-projects.   Apprentices are given written assignments and shop projects for which they are graded. They are also tested periodically.   Class attendance is mandatory.   Classes may be held in the evening, after work, or on certain days when apprentices are granted leave from work.   Apprentices are not usually paid for time spent attending class.On the job training is just what the term implies.   The apprentice is placed with an employer who is participating in the program. A beginning apprentice works under the watchful eye of an experienced journeyman who teaches him the trade.   As an apprentice gains more experience, he is given more complicated tasks and less supervision.


16. What is the JAC?As an applicant, you will be working with the JAC throughout the apprenticeship application process. And if you are selected as an apprentice, you will also be working with the JAC during the course of your apprenticeship.It is therefore to your advantage, to have a good understanding of what the JAC consists of, its intended mission and just how it operates.The Joint Apprenticeship Committee (JAC), or as it is sometimes referred to the Joint Apprenticeship Training Committee (JATC), is a trade based organization that consists of an equal number of representatives from labor (the union) and management (the contractors).In accordance with state and federal regulations, the JAC implements the apprenticeship program within its jurisdiction. The extent of their authority usually involves determining the frequency and quantity of open apprenticeship positions that are available.The JAC is responsible for establishing the minimum eligibility requirements for application to the program. It determines the nature of all related technical instruction and the required amount of time in class that the apprentice must complete. The JAC is also responsible for determining the nature and validity of related on-the-job training.Since an apprentice is not yet a full fledged union member, any grievances or job related disputes between the apprentice and the employer or instructor are usually handled by the JAC.The JAC is responsible for approving or denying the apprentice's progression from one level to the next, usually taking place in six month intervals. The JAC is responsible for determining whether or not the apprentice merits a wage increase. And the JAC retains the right to expel an apprentice from the program if his work and/or school performance are not up to acceptable standards.17. What are the advantages of going through a JAC sponsored training program?There are many advantages that a JAC program has over other vocational training programs, the most important of which concern:COST: A JAC program usually costs apprentices nothing. There may be some related expenses for supplies and materials, but the costs are usually minimal.ON THE JOB TRAINING: Apprentices in a JAC program usually enjoy relatively high wages and excellent fringe benefits while gaining valuable experience on the job.QUALITY TRAINING: Most JAC programs are well coordinated both at the national and local level. Most of these programs have been tried and tested over the years. Many of the instructors involved with the program are journeymen with years of hands-on experience in their trade.STATE CERTIFICATION: Upon successful completion of a JAC program, the apprentice is issued a CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION OF APPRENTICESHIP by the state. He is recognized by the state as a full fledged journeyman.

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